Home Fashion Rihanna Opens Up About Her New Clothing Line, the Future of Fashion and Her Next Album – The New York Times

Rihanna Opens Up About Her New Clothing Line, the Future of Fashion and Her Next Album – The New York Times

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.rad-story-body h6.header-label
font-size: 18px;

.rad-story-body .rule–story
max-width: 600px;
margin-left: 20px;
margin-right: 20px;
border: none;
border-top: 1px solid #e2e2e2;
margin-top: 2.25;
max-width: 300px;
margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-story-body .rule–story
max-width: 630px;

@media screen and (min-width: 640px)
.rad-story-body .rule–story
margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-story-body .rule–story
margin-top: 2.4;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-story-body .rule–story
margin-top: 2.4;

.rad-story-body .rule–story + p.paragraph
margin-top: 2.25;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-story-body .rule–story + p.paragraph
margin-top: 2.4;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-story-body .rule–story + p.paragraph
margin-top: 2.4;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph
font-family: georgia, “times new roman”, times, serif;
-webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
font-size: 18px;
line-height: 1.5;
margin-bottom: 0.75;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-story-body p.paragraph
font-size: 19px;
line-height: 1.6;
margin-bottom: 0.8;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-story-body p.paragraph
font-size: 19px;
line-height: 1.6;
margin-bottom: 0.8;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph:last-child
margin-bottom: 2.25;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-story-body p.paragraph:last-child
margin-bottom: 2.4;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-story-body p.paragraph:last-child
margin-bottom: 2.4;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph a
color: #326891;
position: relative;
text-shadow: 3px 1px 0 #ffffff, -3px 1px 0 #ffffff, 0 1px 0 #ffffff;
background-image: linear-gradient(to bottom, rgba(50, 104, 145, 0) 50%, rgba(50, 104, 145, 0.4) 50%);
background-repeat: repeat-x;
background-size: 2px 2px;
background-position: 0 calc(100% – 1px);
text-decoration: none;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph a:hover
text-shadow: 3px 1px 0 #ffffff, -3px 1px 0 #ffffff, 0 1px 0 #ffffff;
text-decoration: none;
background-image: linear-gradient(to bottom, rgba(50, 104, 145, 0) 50%, #326891 50%);

.rad-story-body p.paragraph a:active
top: 1px;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-story-body p.paragraph a
background-position: 0 calc(100% – 1px);

.rad-story-body p.paragraph a:hover
text-shadow: 3px 1px 0 #ffffff, -3px 1px 0 #ffffff, 0 1px 0 #ffffff, 4px 1px 0 #ffffff, -4px 1px 0 #ffffff;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-story-body p.paragraph a
background-position: 0 calc(100% – 1px);

.rad-story-body p.paragraph a:hover
text-shadow: 3px 2px 0 #ffffff, -3px 2px 0 #ffffff, 0 2px 0 #ffffff, 4px 2px 0 #ffffff, -4px 2px 0 #ffffff;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph.paragraph-detail
font-family: “nyt-franklin”, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;
font-size: 14px;
color: #999999;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-story-body p.paragraph.paragraph-detail
font-size: 16px;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph.paragraph-summary
font-family: “nyt-franklin”, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;
font-size: 16px;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-story-body p.paragraph.paragraph-summary
font-size: 21px;

.rad-story-body .dropcap
float: left;
display: block;
position: relative;
font-family: “nyt-cheltenham”, georgia, “times new roman”, times, serif;
font-weight: 200;
font-size: 5.2rem;
line-height: 1;
height: 0.8em;
margin-right: 10px;
overflow: hidden;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-story-body .dropcap
font-weight: 100;
font-size: 5.2rem;
height: 0.8em;
margin-right: 15px;
-webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-story-body .dropcap
font-size: 5.7rem;

.rad-lead-in
font-family: “nyt-cheltenham-sh”, georgia, “times new roman”, times, serif;
text-transform: uppercase;
letter-spacing: 0.05em;
font-weight: 600;
font-size: 90%;
-webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;
-webkit-font-feature-settings: “kern”;
-moz-font-feature-settings: “kern”;
font-feature-settings: “kern”;

.rad-corrections
max-width: 600px;
margin-left: 20px;
margin-right: 20px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-corrections
max-width: 630px;

@media screen and (min-width: 640px)
.rad-corrections
margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto;

.interactive-corrections
max-width: 600px;
margin-left: 20px;
margin-right: 20px;
font: normal 12px/1.3em ‘kippenberger-400’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;

.interactive-corrections p
font: inherit;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.interactive-corrections
max-width: 630px;

@media screen and (min-width: 640px)
.interactive-corrections
margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-corrections
padding: 0;

.rad-corrections:before
width: 100px;

.rad-corrections p
font-family: georgia, “times new roman”, times, serif;
font-size: 15px;
line-height: 1.5;

.rad-corrections p
font-style: italic;

.rad-corrections h5
font-size: 15px;
font-family: “nyt-franklin”, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;
font-weight: 400;
color: #cccccc;
margin-bottom: 0.5em;
margin-top: 2em;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-corrections h5
font-size: 15px;

.rad-corrections h5 strong
font-weight: bold;
color: #000000;
padding-right: 10px;

.rad-article-credits,
.interactive-credit
max-width: 600px;
margin-left: 20px;
margin-right: 20px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-article-credits,
.interactive-credit
max-width: 630px;

@media screen and (min-width: 640px)
.rad-article-credits,
.interactive-credit
margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-article-credits,
.interactive-credit
padding: 0;

.rad-article-credits:before,
.interactive-credit:before
width: 100px;

.rad-article-credits p,
.interactive-credit p
color: #999999;
font-family: ‘kippenberger-500’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-size: 15px;
margin-bottom: 15px;
line-height: 1.3;

.rad-article-credits:before
display: block;
content: ‘ ‘;
width: 100px;
height: 1px;
background-color: #e2e2e2;
margin-top: 20px;
margin-bottom: 20px;

.media.audio,
.media.photo,
.media.video
margin: 0 auto;
padding-bottom: 1.5;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.media.audio,
.media.photo,
.media.video
padding-bottom: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.media.audio,
.media.photo,
.media.video
padding-bottom: 1.6;

.media.audio .rad-media-wrapper,
.media.photo .rad-media-wrapper,
.media.video .rad-media-wrapper
padding: 0 20px;

.full_bleed.media.audio .rad-media-wrapper,
.full_bleed.media.photo .rad-media-wrapper,
.full_bleed.media.video .rad-media-wrapper,
.jumbo.media.audio .rad-media-wrapper,
.jumbo.media.photo .rad-media-wrapper,
.jumbo.media.video .rad-media-wrapper
padding: 0;

@media screen and (min-width: 600px)
.media.audio .rad-media-wrapper,
.media.photo .rad-media-wrapper,
.media.video .rad-media-wrapper
padding: 0;

.media.audio .image,
.media.photo .image,
.media.video .image
padding: 0;
margin-bottom: 0;
overflow: hidden;
box-sizing: border-box;

.media.audio.large,
.media.photo.large,
.media.video.large
max-width: 600px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.media.audio.large,
.media.photo.large,
.media.video.large
max-width: 630px;

.media.audio.jumbo,
.media.photo.jumbo,
.media.video.jumbo
max-width: 1200px;

.media.audio.full_bleed,
.media.photo.full_bleed,
.media.video.full_bleed
max-width: 2000px;

.media.audio.jumbo .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.photo.jumbo .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.video.jumbo .rad-caption-wrapper
padding-left: 20px;
padding-right: 20px;
margin-left: 0;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.media.audio.jumbo .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.photo.jumbo .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.video.jumbo .rad-caption-wrapper
max-width: 600px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.media.audio.jumbo .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.photo.jumbo .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.video.jumbo .rad-caption-wrapper
padding-left: 0;
max-width: 630px;

.media.audio.full_bleed .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.photo.full_bleed .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.video.full_bleed .rad-caption-wrapper
padding-left: 20px;
padding-right: 20px;
margin-left: 0;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.media.audio.full_bleed .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.photo.full_bleed .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.video.full_bleed .rad-caption-wrapper
max-width: 600px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.media.audio.full_bleed .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.photo.full_bleed .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.video.full_bleed .rad-caption-wrapper
max-width: 630px;

.paragraph + .media.audio,
.paragraph + .media.photo,
.paragraph + .media.video
margin-top: 1.5;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.paragraph + .media.audio,
.paragraph + .media.photo,
.paragraph + .media.video
margin-top: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.paragraph + .media.audio,
.paragraph + .media.photo,
.paragraph + .media.video
margin-top: 1.6;

.media.audio .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.photo .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.video .rad-caption-wrapper
display: block;
margin: 0 auto;
padding: 5px 0 0;
max-width: 600px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.media.audio .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.photo .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.video .rad-caption-wrapper
max-width: 630px;

@media screen and (min-width: 600px)
.small.media.audio .rad-caption-wrapper,
.small.media.photo .rad-caption-wrapper,
.small.media.video .rad-caption-wrapper
padding-right: 0;
padding-left: 0;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.full_bleed.media.audio .rad-caption-wrapper,
.full_bleed.media.photo .rad-caption-wrapper,
.full_bleed.media.video .rad-caption-wrapper,
.jumbo.media.audio .rad-caption-wrapper,
.jumbo.media.photo .rad-caption-wrapper,
.jumbo.media.video .rad-caption-wrapper,
.large.media.audio .rad-caption-wrapper,
.large.media.photo .rad-caption-wrapper,
.large.media.video .rad-caption-wrapper
box-sizing: border-box;

.media.audio .rad-caption-text,
.media.photo .rad-caption-text,
.media.video .rad-caption-text
font-family: ‘kippenberger-500’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
color: #666666;
font-size: 14px;
line-height: 1.25;
margin-bottom: 0.625;

.media.audio .rad-credit,
.media.photo .rad-credit,
.media.video .rad-credit
clear: both;
font-family: ‘kippenberger-500’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
color: #999999;
font-size: 14px;
line-height: 1.25;
margin-bottom: 0.625;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.media.audio .rad-credit,
.media.photo .rad-credit,
.media.video .rad-credit
padding: 0;

.full_bleed.media.audio .rad-credit,
.full_bleed.media.photo .rad-credit,
.full_bleed.media.video .rad-credit,
.jumbo .media.audio .rad-credit,
.jumbo .media.photo .rad-credit,
.jumbo .media.video .rad-credit
padding-right: 3px;

.image img.rad-lazy
width: 100%;
opacity: 0.3;
transition: opacity 0.5s;
margin-bottom: 0;
height: 0;

.image img.rad-lazy.ll-loaded
height: auto;
opacity: 1;
z-index: 3;
position: relative;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.media.video.small .rad-caption-wrapper
box-sizing: border-box;
padding-right: 200px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.media.video.jumbo .rad-caption-wrapper
padding-left: 20px;

.media.photo.small
margin: 0 auto;
margin-top: 1.5;
margin-bottom: 1.5;
padding: 0;
position: relative;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.media.photo.small
margin-top: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.media.photo.small
margin-top: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.media.photo.small
margin-bottom: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.media.photo.small
margin-bottom: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 600px)
.media.photo.small
margin: 0 auto;

@media screen and (min-width: 1005px)
.media.photo.small
max-width: 1200px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1335px)
.media.photo.small
max-width: 600px;

@media screen and (min-width: 600px)
.media.photo.small .rad-media-wrapper,
.media.photo.small .rad-interactive-wrapper
width: 33.33333333%;
position: relative;
float: right;
margin: 7px 20px 20px;

@media screen and (min-width: 960px)
.media.photo.small .rad-media-wrapper,
.media.photo.small .rad-interactive-wrapper
width: 300px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1335px)
.media.photo.small .rad-media-wrapper,
.media.photo.small .rad-interactive-wrapper
width: 50%;
margin: 0 calc(-50% – 2em) 2rem 2rem;

.rad-diptych
max-width: 1240px;
margin-left: 20px;
margin-right: 20px;
margin-bottom: 0;
padding-top: 1.5;
overflow: hidden;
clear: both;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-diptych
padding-top: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-diptych
padding-top: 1.6;

.rad-diptych .media.video .rad-media-wrapper,
.rad-diptych .media.photo .rad-media-wrapper
padding: 0;

.rad-diptych .media.photo,
.rad-diptych .media.video
max-width: 100%;

.rad-diptych .media.photo .rad-caption-text,
.rad-diptych .media.video .rad-caption-text,
.rad-diptych .media.photo .rad-credit,
.rad-diptych .media.video .rad-credit
padding-left: 0;
padding-right: 0;

.rad-diptych .media.video .rad-caption .rad-caption-wrapper,
.rad-diptych .media.photo .rad-caption .rad-caption-wrapper
padding: 5px 0 0;
max-width: 600px;
margin: 0;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-diptych .media.video .rad-caption .rad-caption-wrapper,
.rad-diptych .media.photo .rad-caption .rad-caption-wrapper
max-width: 630px;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-diptych
margin: 0 auto;
margin-top: 1.5;

.rad-diptych .media.photo.small,
.rad-diptych .media.photo.large,
.rad-diptych .media.video.small,
.rad-diptych .media.video.large
width: 50%;
box-sizing: border-box;
float: left;
margin: 0;
margin-bottom: 2.25;
padding: 0 10px 0 20px;

.rad-diptych .media.photo.small .rad-media-wrapper,
.rad-diptych .media.photo.large .rad-media-wrapper,
.rad-diptych .media.video.small .rad-media-wrapper,
.rad-diptych .media.video.large .rad-media-wrapper
width: 100% !important;
margin: 0 !important;

.rad-diptych .media.photo.small + .photo.small,
.rad-diptych .media.photo.large + .photo.small,
.rad-diptych .media.video.small + .photo.small,
.rad-diptych .media.video.large + .photo.small,
.rad-diptych .media.photo.small + .photo.large,
.rad-diptych .media.photo.large + .photo.large,
.rad-diptych .media.video.small + .photo.large,
.rad-diptych .media.video.large + .photo.large,
.rad-diptych .media.photo.small + .video.small,
.rad-diptych .media.photo.large + .video.small,
.rad-diptych .media.video.small + .video.small,
.rad-diptych .media.video.large + .video.small,
.rad-diptych .media.photo.small + .video.large,
.rad-diptych .media.photo.large + .video.large,
.rad-diptych .media.video.small + .video.large,
.rad-diptych .media.video.large + .video.large
padding-left: 10px;
float: right;
padding-right: 20px;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px) and screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-diptych
margin-top: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px) and screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-diptych
margin-top: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px) and screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-diptych .media.photo.small,
.rad-diptych .media.photo.large,
.rad-diptych .media.video.small,
.rad-diptych .media.video.large
margin-bottom: 2.4;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px) and screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-diptych .media.photo.small,
.rad-diptych .media.photo.large,
.rad-diptych .media.video.small,
.rad-diptych .media.video.large
margin-bottom: 2.4;

.media.video
margin: 0 auto;
padding-bottom: 1.5;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.media.video
padding-bottom: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.media.video
padding-bottom: 1.6;

.media.video.small
max-width: 600px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.media.video.small
max-width: 630px;

.media.video.large
max-width: 1200px;

.media.video.jumbo
max-width: 2000px;

.media.video.small .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.video.large .rad-caption-wrapper
max-width: 600px;
margin-left: 20px;
margin-right: 20px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.media.video.small .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.video.large .rad-caption-wrapper
max-width: 630px;

@media screen and (min-width: 640px)
.media.video.small .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.video.large .rad-caption-wrapper
margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto;

.paragraph + .media.video
margin-top: 1.5;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.paragraph + .media.video
margin-top: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.paragraph + .media.video
margin-top: 1.6;

.media.video .rad-credit
display: block;
margin-top: 0;
padding: 0 3px 0 0;

.rad-spinner
position: absolute;
top: 50%;
left: 50%;
z-index: 2;
transform: translate3d(-50%, -50%, 0);

.rad-spinner:after
content: ”;
display: block;
box-sizing: border-box;
width: 40px;
height: 40px;
border-radius: 100%;
border: 5px solid rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.2);
border-top-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.5);
animation: spin 1s infinite linear;

@keyframes spin
100%
transform: rotate(360deg);

.media.audio
float: none;
margin: 30px auto;
padding: 0;
max-width: 600px;
margin-left: 20px;
margin-right: 20px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.media.audio
max-width: 630px;

@media screen and (min-width: 640px)
.media.audio
margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto;

.media.audio .rad-media-wrapper
padding: 0;

.media.audio.small
max-width: 600px;
width: 600px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.media.audio.small
max-width: 630px;
width: 630px;

.media.audio.large
width: inherit;

.media.audio.jumbo
max-width: 2000px;
width: 2000px;

.media.audio.small .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.audio.large .rad-caption-wrapper
max-width: 600px;
margin-left: 20px;
margin-right: 20px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.media.audio.small .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.audio.large .rad-caption-wrapper
max-width: 630px;

@media screen and (min-width: 640px)
.media.audio.small .rad-caption-wrapper,
.media.audio.large .rad-caption-wrapper
margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto;

.rad-interactive
max-width: 2000px;
margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto;
margin-bottom: 2px;
margin-top: 1.5;
position: relative;
overflow: hidden;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-interactive
margin-top: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-interactive
margin-top: 1.6;

.rad-interactive .rad-interactive-wrapper
padding: 15px 0;
border-top: 1px solid #e2e2e2;
border-bottom: 1px solid #e2e2e2;
margin-bottom: 1.5;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-interactive .rad-interactive-wrapper
margin-bottom: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-interactive .rad-interactive-wrapper
margin-bottom: 1.6;

.rad-interactive.small
overflow: visible;
margin: 0 auto;
margin-top: 1.5;
margin-bottom: 1.5;
padding: 0;
position: relative;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-interactive.small
margin-top: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-interactive.small
margin-top: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-interactive.small
margin-bottom: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-interactive.small
margin-bottom: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 600px)
.rad-interactive.small
margin: 0 auto;

@media screen and (min-width: 1005px)
.rad-interactive.small
max-width: 1200px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1335px)
.rad-interactive.small
max-width: 600px;

@media screen and (min-width: 600px)
.rad-interactive.small .rad-media-wrapper,
.rad-interactive.small .rad-interactive-wrapper
width: 33.33333333%;
position: relative;
float: right;
margin: 7px 20px 20px;

@media screen and (min-width: 960px)
.rad-interactive.small .rad-media-wrapper,
.rad-interactive.small .rad-interactive-wrapper
width: 300px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1335px)
.rad-interactive.small .rad-media-wrapper,
.rad-interactive.small .rad-interactive-wrapper
width: 50%;
margin: 0 calc(-50% – 2em) 2rem 2rem;

.rad-interactive.large
max-width: 600px;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-interactive.large
max-width: 630px;

.rad-interactive.jumbo
max-width: 1200px;

.rad-interactive.full_bleed
margin: 0 auto;
max-width: 100%;

.rad-interactive.full_bleed .rad-interactive-wrapper
border: none;
padding: 0;

.rad-interactive.small,
.rad-interactive.large,
.rad-interactive.jumbo
padding: 0 20px;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-interactive.small,
.rad-interactive.large,
.rad-interactive.jumbo
padding: 0;

.rad-interactive img
margin-bottom: 0;

.rad-interactive .interactive-summary
font-family: “nyt-cheltenham-sh”, georgia, “times new roman”, times, serif;
font-size: 13px;
line-height: 1.4;
color: #666666;
padding-top: 5px;

.rad-interactive .credit,
.rad-interactive .notes,
.rad-interactive .source
display: block;
padding: 0 3px;
margin-top: 5px;
margin-bottom: 0;
font-family: ‘kippenberger-500’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
color: #999999;
font-size: 14px;
line-height: 1.25;
margin-bottom: 0.625;

.rad-interactive + .media.photo
margin-top: 1.5;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-interactive + .media.photo
margin-top: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-interactive + .media.photo
margin-top: 1.6;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-interactive + .media.photo
margin-top: 0;

.rad-slideshow
margin: 2em 0;
width: 100%;
overflow: hidden;

.rad-slideshow-item
position: relative;

.rad-slideshow-item .rad-caption
width: 100%;
padding: 50vh 0;

.rad-slideshow-item:first-child .rad-caption
padding-top: 100vh;

.rad-slideshow-item:last-child .rad-caption
padding-bottom: 100vh;

.rad-slideshow-item .rad-caption .rad-caption-wrapper
position: relative;
left: 50%;
transform: translate(-50%, 0);
width: 600px;
max-width: calc(100% – 40px);
z-index: 20;
background: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.95);
box-sizing: border-box;
padding: 30px;
transition: opacity 1s;
opacity: 0;

.rad-slideshow-item .rad-caption .rad-caption-wrapper .rad-caption-text
color: #000000;
font-family: ‘kippenberger-500’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-size: 16px;
line-height: 1.2;

.rad-slideshow-item .rad-caption .rad-caption-wrapper .rad-credit
display: block;
font-family: ‘kippenberger-500’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-size: 12px;
margin-top: 10px;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-slideshow-item .rad-caption .rad-caption-wrapper .rad-caption-text
font-size: 20px;
font-weight: 300;

.rad-slideshow-item .rad-caption .rad-caption-wrapper .rad-credit
font-size: 14px;

.rad-slideshow-item .rad-asset-wrapper
height: 100vh;
width: 100vw;
display: block;
padding: 0;
opacity: 0;
position: absolute;
top: 0;
left: 0;
overflow: hidden;

.rad-slideshow-item .rad-asset-wrapper img,
.rad-slideshow-item .rad-asset-wrapper video
width: 100% !important;
height: auto !important;

.rad-slideshow-item .rad-asset-wrapper .fit-object-wrapper
position: absolute;
width: 100%;
height: 100%;

.rad-slideshow-item .rad-asset-wrapper .fit-object-wrapper img,
.rad-slideshow-item .rad-asset-wrapper .fit-object-wrapper video
width: 100% !important;
height: auto !important;

.active.rad-slideshow-item .rad-asset-wrapper
opacity: 1;
visibility: visible;

.rad-slideshow-item:last-child .rad-asset-wrapper
position: absolute;
bottom: 0;
left: 0;
right: 0;
top: auto;

.rad-slideshow-item.interactive .rad-asset-wrapper .ai2html
width: 100vw;
height: 100vh;
position: relative;

.rad-slideshow-item.interactive .rad-asset-wrapper .ai2html > div
position: absolute;
top: 50%;
transform: translateY(-50%);

.rad-slideshow.lightbox-fixed .rad-caption .rad-caption-wrapper
opacity: 1;

.rad-slideshow.lightbox-fixed div.rad-asset-wrapper
background: #000;
opacity: 0;
visibility: hidden;
position: fixed;
top: 0;
left: 0;
transition: opacity 0s 0s, visibility 0s 0s;
z-index: 1;
display: none;

.rad-slideshow.lightbox-fixed .rad-slideshow-item.active div.rad-asset-wrapper,
.rad-slideshow.lightbox-fixed .rad-slideshow-item.active-adjacent div.rad-asset-wrapper
display: block;
transform: translate3d(0, 0, 0);
-webkit-backface-visibility: hidden;

.rad-slideshow.lightbox-fixed .rad-slideshow-item.active-adjacent div.rad-asset-wrapper
transition: opacity 0s 1s, visibility 0s 1s;

.rad-slideshow.lightbox-fixed .rad-slideshow-item.active div.rad-asset-wrapper
opacity: 1;
visibility: visible;
transition: opacity 1s 0s, visibility 1s 0s;
z-index: 2;

.has-fixed-lightbox #masthead
pointer-events: none;

.rad-series-box
max-width: 600px;
margin-left: 20px;
margin-right: 20px;
padding-top: 3;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-series-box
max-width: 630px;

@media screen and (min-width: 640px)
.rad-series-box
margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-series-box
padding-top: 3.2;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-series-box
padding-top: 3.2;

.rad-series-box h2
font-weight: 700;
font-family: “nyt-franklin”, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;
font-size: 15px;
line-height: 1.1;
margin-bottom: 20px;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-series-box h2
font-size: 17px;

.rad-series-links
color: #000000;

.rad-series-links .rad-caption
display: none;

.rad-series-links a
color: #000000;
display: table;
width: 100%;
margin-bottom: 1rem;

.rad-series-links a:hover
text-decoration: none;

.has-no-touch .rad-series-links a:hover h3
border-bottom: 2px solid #cccccc;
text-shadow: 0 2px 0 #fff;

.rad-series-links .promo-info,
.rad-series-links .promo-image
display: table-cell;
vertical-align: middle;

.rad-series-links .promo-info
padding: 0 0 0 20px;

.rad-series-links h3
display: inline;
font-family: “nyt-cheltenham-sh”, georgia, “times new roman”, times, serif;
font-size: 17px;
font-weight: 400;
line-height: 1.1;
margin-right: 5px;

@media screen and (min-width: 769px)
.rad-series-links h3
font-family: “nyt-cheltenham”, georgia, “times new roman”, times, serif;
font-size: 21px;
line-height: 1.2;

.rad-series-links .pubdate
display: inline;
color: #cccccc;
font-family: “nyt-franklin”, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;
font-size: 12px;
text-transform: uppercase;
letter-spacing: 0.02em;
white-space: nowrap;

.rad-series-links .promo-image
width: 33%;
margin: 0;
padding: 0;

.rad-series-links .promo-image:empty:after
display: block;
content: ‘ ‘;
width: 100%;
padding-bottom: 66.667%;

.rad-series-links .media.photo
margin: 0;
padding: 0;

.rad-series-links .media.photo .rad-media-wrapper
margin: 0;
padding: 0;

#story
opacity: 1;
position: relative;
transform: none;
transition: all 0.45s ease-in-out;

.rad-fade #story
transform: translateY(0);
opacity: 0;

.rad-unload #story
transform: translateY(-60px);

#masthead
position: relative;
opacity: 1;
transform: translateY(0);
transition: transform 0.45s ease-in-out;

.rad-fade #masthead
opacity: 0 !important;
transform: translateY(0);
transition: opacity 0.45s ease-in-out;

.rad-unload #masthead
opacity: 0;
transform: translateY(-60px);
transition: all 0.45s ease-in-out;

#related-coverage,
.viewport-medium #related-coverage
margin-top: 3;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
#related-coverage,
.viewport-medium #related-coverage
margin-top: 3.2;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
#related-coverage,
.viewport-medium #related-coverage
margin-top: 3.2;

.rad-article + .rad-article
border-top: 2px solid #e2e2e2;
transform: translate3d(0, 0, 0);
transition: transform 0.4s ease-in;

.rad-article + .rad-article.is-loaded
transform: none;

.rad-article .rad-series-link-wrapper
max-width: 600px;
margin-left: 20px;
margin-right: 20px;
margin-bottom: 5rem;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-article .rad-series-link-wrapper
max-width: 630px;

@media screen and (min-width: 640px)
.rad-article .rad-series-link-wrapper
margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto;

.rad-article .rad-series-link
color: #326891;
position: relative;
text-shadow: 3px 1px 0 #ffffff, -3px 1px 0 #ffffff, 0 1px 0 #ffffff;
background-image: linear-gradient(to bottom, rgba(50, 104, 145, 0) 50%, rgba(50, 104, 145, 0.4) 50%);
background-repeat: repeat-x;
background-size: 2px 2px;
background-position: 0 calc(100% – 1px);
text-decoration: none;
font-family: “nyt-franklin”, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;
font-weight: bold;
opacity: 1;
transition: opacity 0.4s ease-in;

.rad-article .rad-series-link:hover
text-shadow: 3px 1px 0 #ffffff, -3px 1px 0 #ffffff, 0 1px 0 #ffffff;
text-decoration: none;
background-image: linear-gradient(to bottom, rgba(50, 104, 145, 0) 50%, #326891 50%);

.rad-article .rad-series-link:active
top: 1px;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-article .rad-series-link
background-position: 0 calc(100% – 1px);

.rad-article .rad-series-link:hover
text-shadow: 3px 1px 0 #ffffff, -3px 1px 0 #ffffff, 0 1px 0 #ffffff, 4px 1px 0 #ffffff, -4px 1px 0 #ffffff;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-article .rad-series-link
background-position: 0 calc(100% – 1px);

.rad-article .rad-series-link:hover
text-shadow: 3px 2px 0 #ffffff, -3px 2px 0 #ffffff, 0 2px 0 #ffffff, 4px 2px 0 #ffffff, -4px 2px 0 #ffffff;

.rad-article.article-active .rad-series-link,
.rad-article.article-loading .rad-series-link
opacity: 0;
pointer-events: none;

.rad-article.article-active + .rad-article
transform: translate3d(0, 300px, 0);

.rad-article.article-active.is-loaded + .rad-article
transform: translate3d(0, 0, 0);

.rad-article .rad-story-body-inner
transition: all 0.4s ease-in;
opacity: 0;
max-height: 0;
overflow: hidden;

.rad-article.article-active .rad-story-body-inner
opacity: 1;
max-height: 100%;

.rad-article .rad-story-body-mask
display: block;
margin-top: -150px;
width: 100%;
height: 150px;
background: linear-gradient(to bottom, rgba(255, 255, 255, 0) 0%, rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.5) 10%, #ffffff 100%);
opacity: 1;
transition: opacity 0.3s ease-in;
position: relative;
z-index: 10;

.rad-story-body-mask .rad-spinner:after
border-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
border-top-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.7);
height: 30px;
width: 30px;
border-width: 3px;
box-shadow: 0 0 3px #fff;

.rad-story-body-mask .rad-spinner
opacity: 0;
transition: opacity 0.4s ease-in;

.article-loading .rad-story-body-mask .rad-spinner
opacity: 1;

.rad-article.article-active .rad-story-body-mask
pointer-events: none;
opacity: 0;

.rad-social .sharetool
display: inline-block;

.rad-social .sharetool a
width: 32px;
height: 32px;
display: inline-block;
padding: 0;
border-radius: 20px;
color: white !important;
line-height: 1.2 !important;
background-size: contain;
background-repeat: no-repeat;

.rad-social .sharetool a .sharetool-text
visibility: hidden;

.rad-social .sharetool a[data-share=”twitter”] background-image: url(‘data:image/svg+xml;base64,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’);

.rad-social .sharetool a[data-share=”twitter”]:hover
background-image: url(‘data:image/svg+xml;base64,PD94bWwgdmVyc2lvbj0iMS4wIiBlbmNvZGluZz0iVVRGLTgiPz4KPHN2ZyB3aWR0aD0iMzJweCIgaGVpZ2h0PSIzMnB4IiB2aWV3Qm94PSIwIDAgMzIgMzIiIHZlcnNpb249IjEuMSIgeG1sbnM9Imh0dHA6Ly93d3cudzMub3JnLzIwMDAvc3ZnIiB4bWxuczp4bGluaz0iaHR0cDovL3d3dy53My5vcmcvMTk5OS94bGluayI+CiAgICA8IS0tIEdlbmVyYXRvcjogU2tldGNoIDMuOC4zICgyOTgwMikgLSBodHRwOi8vd3d3LmJvaGVtaWFuY29kaW5nLmNvbS9za2V0Y2ggLS0+CiAgICA8dGl0bGU+dHdpdHRlcl9ob3ZlcjwvdGl0bGU+CiAgICA8ZGVzYz5DcmVhdGVkIHdpdGggU2tldGNoLjwvZGVzYz4KICAgIDxkZWZzPjwvZGVmcz4KICAgIDxnIGlkPSJQYWdlLTEiIHN0cm9rZT0ibm9uZSIgc3Ryb2tlLXdpZHRoPSIxIiBmaWxsPSJub25lIiBmaWxsLXJ1bGU9ImV2ZW5vZGQiPgogICAgICAgIDxnIGlkPSJzcHJpdGUtbm8tcmVwZWF0IiB0cmFuc2Zvcm09InRyYW5zbGF0ZSgtNDcwLjAwMDAwMCwgLTI4MC4wMDAwMDApIj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgPGcgaWQ9InR3aXR0ZXJfaG92ZXIiIHRyYW5zZm9ybT0idHJhbnNsYXRlKDQ3MC4wMDAwMDAsIDI4MC4wMDAwMDApIj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDxwYXRoIGQ9Ik0xNiwzMiBDMjQuODM2LDMyIDMyLDI0LjgzNyAzMiwxNiBDMzIsNy4xNjMgMjQuODM2LDAgMTYsMCBDNy4xNjQsMCAwLDcuMTYzIDAsMTYgQzAsMjQuODM3IDcuMTY0LDMyIDE2LDMyIiBpZD0iU2hhcGUiIGZpbGw9IiM1MEFBRjAiPjwvcGF0aD4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDxwYXRoIGQ9Ik0yNSwxMS4xMzUgQzI0LjM3NCwxMS40MTIgMjMuNzAzLDExLjU5OSAyMi45OTcsMTEuNjg0IEMyMy43MTYsMTEuMjUzIDI0LjI3LDEwLjU2OCAyNC41MzEsOS43NTUgQzIzLjg1NSwxMC4xNTUgMjMuMTA5LDEwLjQ0NSAyMi4zMTcsMTAuNjAxIEMyMS42OCw5LjkyNCAyMC43NzMsOS41IDE5Ljc2OSw5LjUgQzE3Ljg0NSw5LjUgMTYuMjgyLDExLjA2MiAxNi4yODIsMTIuOTg3IEMxNi4yODIsMTMuMjYxIDE2LjMxMywxMy41MjcgMTYuMzcyLDEzLjc4MiBDMTMuNDc0LDEzLjYzNiAxMC45MDIsMTIuMjQ5IDkuMTgyLDEwLjEzOSBDOC44ODIsMTAuNjUzIDguNzEsMTEuMjUzIDguNzEsMTEuODkyIEM4LjcxLDEzLjEwMiA5LjMyNiwxNC4xNjggMTAuMjYyLDE0Ljc5NSBDOS42OSwxNC43NzcgOS4xNTIsMTQuNjIgOC42ODIsMTQuMzU4IEw4LjY4MiwxNC40MDMgQzguNjgyLDE2LjA5MiA5Ljg4MywxNy41MDIgMTEuNDc4LDE3LjgyMiBDMTEuMTg2LDE3LjkwMiAxMC44NzgsMTcuOTQ0IDEwLjU2LDE3Ljk0NCBDMTAuMzM2LDE3Ljk0NCAxMC4xMTcsMTcuOTIzIDkuOTA0LDE3Ljg4MiBDMTAuMzQ3LDE5LjI2NiAxMS42MzUsMjAuMjc2IDEzLjE2MSwyMC4zMDMgQzExLjk2OCwyMS4yMzggMTAuNDYzLDIxLjc5NiA4LjgzLDIxLjc5NiBDOC41NDgsMjEuNzk2IDguMjcxLDIxLjc4IDcuOTk4LDIxLjc0NyBDOS41NDIsMjIuNzM3IDExLjM3NSwyMy4zMTQgMTMuMzQ0LDIzLjMxNCBDMTkuNzU5LDIzLjMxNCAyMy4yNjgsMTggMjMuMjY4LDEzLjM5MSBDMjMuMjY4LDEzLjIzOCAyMy4yNjQsMTMuMDg5IDIzLjI1NiwxMi45MzkgQzIzLjk0MSwxMi40NDggMjQuNTM0LDExLjgzNCAyNSwxMS4xMzUiIGlkPSJTaGFwZSIgZmlsbD0iI0ZGRkZGRiI+PC9wYXRoPgogICAgICAgICAgICA8L2c+CiAgICAgICAgPC9nPgogICAgPC9nPgo8L3N2Zz4=’);

.rad-social .sharetool a[data-share=”facebook”] background-image: url(‘data:image/svg+xml;base64,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’);

.rad-social .sharetool a[data-share=”facebook”]:hover
background-image: url(‘data:image/svg+xml;base64,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’);

.rad-social .sharetool + .sharetool a
margin-left: 5px;

.rad-social .sharetools-menu
margin: 15px 0;

.ad.top-ad
border-color: transparent;

.rad-ad-wrapper
margin: 0 auto;
margin-top: 2.25;
margin-bottom: 3;
text-align: center;
background: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.05);

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-ad-wrapper
margin-top: 2.4;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-ad-wrapper
margin-top: 2.4;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-ad-wrapper
margin-bottom: 3.2;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-ad-wrapper
margin-bottom: 3.2;

.rad-ad-wrapper.has-border
padding: 30px 0;
border-color: #e2e2e2;
border-style: solid;
border-width: 1px 0;

.rad-ad-wrapper .ad
margin: 30px auto 50px;

.rad-ad-wrapper .ad:before
display: block;
content: ‘Advertisement’;
text-transform: uppercase;
font-family: “nyt-franklin”, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;
color: #cccccc;
font-size: 10px;
letter-spacing: 0.05em;
text-align: center;
width: 100%;
padding-bottom: 5px;

.rad-ad-wrapper:last-child
border-width: 0;
margin: 40px 20px;
padding: 30px 0;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-ad-wrapper:last-child
max-width: 705px;
margin: 40px auto 0;

@media screen and (min-width: 960px)
.rad-ad-wrapper:last-child
max-width: 945px;

.rad-ad-wrapper .rad-ad
display: inline-block;
width: 100%;

@media print
*
background: #fff !important;

.quick-navigation,
#masthead .story-meta,
.user-tools,
.search-flyout-panel,
.notification-modals,
.announcments,
#navigation,
#mobile-navigation,
.rad-ad-wrapper,
figure,
.rad-interactive,
.media.video,
.media.photo,
#footer,
#related-coverage,
.visually-hidden,
#page-footer li,
.ad,
.last-nav,
.rad-cover-container,
.cover-caption,
.cover-replay,
.nyt-logo,
.location-header-wrapper img
display: none !important;

#page-footer ul
list-style: none;
margin: 0;
padding: 0;

#page-footer nav ul li:first-child
display: block !important;
text-align: center;

.masthead
padding-bottom: 0.2in;
margin-bottom: 0.2in;
margin-top: 45px;
position: static !important;

.masthead .branding
float: none !important;
display: block !important;
height: 20px;
margin: 0 auto;
text-align: center;

a
color: #000 !important;
text-decoration: none !important;

.rad-cover
height: auto !important;
margin-bottom: 0 !important;

.rad-cover .story-heading
color: #111 !important;
position: static !important;
text-align: center !important;
margin: 0 !important;

.rad-cover .interactive-header
position: static !important;
max-width: 600px;
margin: 0 auto !important;

.rad-cover .interactive-header p
position: static !important;
max-width: 600px;
color: #111 !important;

.rad-cover .interactive-header p br
display: none !important;

.rad-article-wrapper *
box-sizing: border-box;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph
-webkit-font-smoothing: auto;

.media.photo,
.media.video
margin-top: 40px;
padding-bottom: 0;

@media only screen and (min-width: 600px)
.media.photo,
.media.video
margin-top: 60px;

.media.photo + .paragraph,
.media.video + .paragraph
margin-top: 40px;

@media only screen and (min-width: 600px)
.media.photo + .paragraph,
.media.video + .paragraph
margin-top: 60px;

.media.photo .rad-caption,
.media.video .rad-caption
font-size: 13px;
line-height: 1.3;
margin-top: 5px;
-webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;
-webkit-font-feature-settings: “kern”;
-moz-font-feature-settings: “kern”;
font-feature-settings: “kern”;

@media only screen and (min-width: 600px)
.media.photo .rad-caption,
.media.video .rad-caption
font-size: 14px;
margin-top: 10px;

.media.photo .rad-caption .rad-caption-text,
.media.video .rad-caption .rad-caption-text
color: #444;
font-size: 1em;

.media.photo .rad-caption .rad-credit,
.media.video .rad-caption .rad-credit
font-size: 1em;
color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4);
margin-top: 0.2em;
line-height: 1.3;

.viewport-small-20 .media.photo.small .rad-media-wrapper,
.viewport-small-20 .media.video.small .rad-media-wrapper
float: left;
margin: 0 40px 20px 0;

.viewport-large-41 .media.photo.small,
.viewport-large-41 .media.video.small
max-width: 1200px;

.image img.rad-lazy
opacity: 0.5;
height: auto !important;

.image img.rad-lazy.ll-loaded
opacity: 1 !important;
transition: opacity 0.5s linear, filter 0.5s linear;

.masthead .branding-heading
margin-top: 8px !important;
display: inline-block !important;

.masthead .branding-heading .branding-heading-link
padding: 0 10px;
text-align: left;

.masthead .branding-label
display: none !important;

.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff .comments-button,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff .sharetools .sharetool.show-all-sharetool a
color: white !important;

.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff .comments-button:hover,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff .sharetools .sharetool.show-all-sharetool a:hover
background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.15) !important;

.rad-story-body .paragraph
color: black;

.rad-story-body .paragraph .dropcap
text-transform: none;
font-family: ‘kippenberger-700’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
height: auto;
width: auto;
line-height: 1.35;
font-size: 4em;
margin-right: 0.6em;

.rad-ad-wrapper
margin: auto;
background: #eee;

.rad-ad-wrapper .ad
display: block;
text-align: center;
box-sizing: border-box;
margin: 0;

@media screen and (min-width: 600px)
.rad-ad-wrapper .ad
padding: 0 20px;
margin: 30px auto;

.rad-ad-wrapper .ad:before
display: none;

.rad-ad-wrapper .ad > div
box-sizing: border-box;
display: inline-block !important;
padding: 20px 10px !important;
height: auto !important;

@media screen and (min-width: 600px)
.rad-ad-wrapper .ad > div
padding: 30px 0 !important;

.interactive-credit p,
.rad-article-credits p
font-family: ‘kippenberger-500’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
margin-bottom: 15px;
line-height: 1.4;

.rad-series-wrapper h2
font-family: ‘kippenberger-500’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-size: 12px;
line-height: 0.9;
text-transform: uppercase;
font-weight: 600;
letter-spacing: 0.05em;
border-top: 1px solid #ddd;
padding-top: 20px;
color: black;
margin-bottom: 20px;

.rad-series-wrapper .rad-loader-link
display: -ms-flexbox;
display: flex;
-ms-flex-direction: column;
flex-direction: column;

.rad-series-wrapper .rad-loader-link:hover h3
border: none !important;
text-shadow: none !important;
opacity: 0.7;

@media screen and (min-width: 600px)
.rad-series-wrapper .rad-loader-link
-ms-flex-direction: row;
flex-direction: row;
-ms-flex-align: center;
align-items: center;

.rad-series-wrapper .rad-loader-link .promo-image
width: 100%;

@media screen and (min-width: 600px)
.rad-series-wrapper .rad-loader-link .promo-image
min-width: 50%;

.rad-series-wrapper .rad-loader-link .promo-info
padding: 0;
display: block;
padding: 20px 0;
-webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;
-webkit-font-feature-settings: “kern”;
-moz-font-feature-settings: “kern”;
font-feature-settings: “kern”;

@media screen and (min-width: 600px)
.rad-series-wrapper .rad-loader-link .promo-info
padding: 0 20px;

.rad-series-wrapper .rad-loader-link .promo-info h3,
.rad-series-wrapper .rad-loader-link .promo-info p
display: block;
margin-bottom: 10px;

.rad-series-wrapper .rad-loader-link .promo-info h3
margin-right: 0;
font-family: “nyt-mag-slab”, georgia, “times new roman”, times, serif;
font-size: 30px;
font-weight: 600;
line-height: 1;

.rad-series-wrapper .rad-loader-link .promo-info .summary
font-family: ‘kippenberger-500’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-size: 15px;
line-height: 1.4;
color: #333;

.rad-series-wrapper .rad-loader-link .promo-info .byline
font-family: ‘kippenberger-500’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-size: 12px;
font-weight: 600;
line-height: 1.1;
padding-top: 0.2em;
color: #999;

.rad-series-wrapper .rad-loader-link .promo-info .pubdate
display: none;

#preview-banner
display: none;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead .branding,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff .branding
display: none;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content
background: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.95);

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .container,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .container
border-bottom: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.9);

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools
background: transparent;
box-shadow: none;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool
margin-right: 10px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool:last-child,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool:last-child
margin-right: 0;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool a,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool a
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
transition: none;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool a:hover,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool a:hover
background: none;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool .icon
background-image: url(“https://static01.nyt.com/newsgraphics/2019/05/10/t-conversation/2ebdf325c90a982a970e00fb91e789d9848fa8a4/sprite-no-repeat.svg”);
background-repeat: no-repeat;
width: 25px !important;
height: 25px !important;
margin: 0;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool .icon:hover,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool .icon:hover
width: 25px;
height: 25px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.facebook-sharetool .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.facebook-sharetool .icon
background-position: -33px -54px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.facebook-sharetool:hover .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.facebook-sharetool:hover .icon
background-position: -85px -54px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.twitter-sharetool .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.twitter-sharetool .icon
background-position: 0 -313px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.twitter-sharetool:hover .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.twitter-sharetool:hover .icon
background-position: -52px -313px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.pinterest-sharetool .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.pinterest-sharetool .icon
background-position: -121px -181px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.pinterest-sharetool:hover .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.pinterest-sharetool:hover .icon
background-position: -173px -181px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.email-sharetool .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.email-sharetool .icon
background-position: -131px -21px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.email-sharetool:hover .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.email-sharetool:hover .icon
background-position: -183px -21px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.google-sharetool .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.google-sharetool .icon
background-position: -140px -54px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.google-sharetool:hover .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.google-sharetool:hover .icon
background-position: -140px -54px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.reddit-sharetool .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.reddit-sharetool .icon
background-position: -493px -181px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.reddit-sharetool:hover .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.reddit-sharetool:hover .icon
background-position: -493px -181px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.linkedin-sharetool .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.linkedin-sharetool .icon
background-position: -339px -54px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.linkedin-sharetool:hover .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.linkedin-sharetool:hover .icon
background-position: -339px -54px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.save-sharetool .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.save-sharetool .icon
background-position: -306px -214px;
width: 16px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.save-sharetool:hover .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.save-sharetool:hover .icon
background-position: -340px -214px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.show-all-sharetool .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.show-all-sharetool .icon
background-position: -243px -247px;
opacity: 1;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.show-all-sharetool:hover .icon,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool.show-all-sharetool:hover .icon
background-position: -295px -247px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool .sharetool-text,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools li.sharetool .sharetool-text
display: none !important;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .user-tools .sharetools .save-sharetool,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .user-tools .sharetools .save-sharetool
display: none !important;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .search-button,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .search-button,
.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .sections-button,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .sections-button
display: none !important;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .story-meta,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .story-meta
left: 60px;

.masthead-theme-transparent.masthead.in-content .pipe,
.masthead.masthead-theme-transparent-ffffff.in-content .pipe
color: #333;

.in-nav
overflow: hidden;

@media screen and (min-width: 765px)
.in-nav
overflow: auto;

.blockquote
margin: 0;
border: none;
padding: 0;
position: relative;
padding: 0 !important;
border: none !important;
font-size: 6vw !important;
height: 1em;
z-index: 5;

@media (max-width: 500px)
.blockquote
font-size: 15vw !important;

.blockquote h4
font-family: ‘kippenberger-condensed-900’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-size: inherit;
letter-spacing: 0.1em;
line-height: 0.5;
text-transform: uppercase;
position: absolute;
max-width: none;
width: 1000vw !important;
left: 50%;
top: -0.8em;
margin-left: -50vw;
color: #F1AAFF;
text-align: left;
display: -ms-flexbox;
display: flex;
-ms-flex-direction: column;
flex-direction: column;
-ms-flex-align: start;
align-items: flex-start;
-ms-flex-pack: start;
justify-content: flex-start;
opacity: 0;
transition: 1s opacity;

@media (min-width: 1680px)
.blockquote h4
font-size: 100px;

.blockquote h4 strong
will-change: transform;
display: block;
width: auto;
margin-left: 100vw;
transform: translateX(20%);
margin-bottom: 1.2em;
animation-duration: 15s;
animation-iteration-count: infinite;
animation-fill-mode: both;
animation-timing-function: linear;

.blockquote h4 strong:nth-child(2)
animation-delay: 4.5s;

.blockquote h4 strong:nth-child(3)
animation-delay: 9s;

.blockquote.active h4
opacity: 1;

.blockquote.active h4 strong
animation-name: marquee;

/*
PARALLAX
*/
.blockquote,
.media .image,
.media .rad-caption
will-change: transform;
transition: transform 1s cubic-bezier(0.25, 0.46, 0.45, 0.94);

.blockquote
–y: 0;
transform: translate(0, 0);

.blockquote.active
transform: translate(0, calc(var(–y)*-0.5));

.media
–y: 0;
position: relative;

.media .image
transform: translate3d(0, calc(var(–y)*-0.1), 0);

.media .rad-caption
transform: translate3d(0, calc(var(–y)*-0.2), 0);

/*
————
*/
#story
overflow: hidden;

/* rad typography overrides —————–*/
.rad-cover
background: transparent !important;

.rad-cover .rad-header:first-child
padding-top: 20px;
margin-top: 0;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-cover .rad-header:first-child
padding-top: 40px;
margin-top: 0;

.rad-cover .rad-header-wrapper
margin-bottom: 40px;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-cover .rad-header-wrapper
max-width: 600px;
margin: 20px auto 60px;
text-align: left;

@media screen and (min-width: 1155px)
.rad-cover .rad-header-wrapper
max-width: 630px;

.rad-cover .rad-summary
font-family: “fact-deck-400″, georgia, serif;
font-size: 28px;
line-height: 1.2;
color: #000000;
text-align: left;
margin-bottom: 0;

.rad-cover .rad-byline,
.rad-cover .rad-byline-pubdate
font-family: ‘kippenberger-500’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-weight: 500;
font-size: 14px;
line-height: 1;
display: block;
color: #000000;
margin-bottom: 0.5em;

.rad-cover .rad-pubdate
margin-top: 20px;
display: block;

.rad-cover .rad-byline-pubdate:before
content: ”;
display: inline-block;
width: 100%;
height: 4px;
background: #000000;
margin: 20px 0;

.rad-cover .rad-byline-pubdate:last-child:after
display: none;

/* cover typography ——————————–*/
/*——————————————————————————*/
/* cover */
@keyframes change-color
0%
color: #f1aaff;
fill: #f1aaff;

50%
color: #fce0ad;
fill: #fce0ad;

100%
color: #f1aaff;
fill: #f1aaff;

@keyframes marquee
0%
transform: translate3d(0, 0, 0);

100%
transform: translate3d(-200%, 0, 0);

.g-lede
width: 100vw;
height: 100vh;
position: relative;
background: black;
overflow: hidden;
-webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;
-webkit-font-feature-settings: “kern”;
-moz-font-feature-settings: “kern”;
font-feature-settings: “kern”;

.g-lede .g-video
background-repeat: repeat;
background-size: cover;
width: 100%;
height: 100%;
position: absolute;
display: -ms-flexbox;
display: flex;
-ms-flex-align: center;
align-items: center;
-ms-flex-pack: center;
justify-content: center;

@media (max-width: 768px)
.g-lede .g-video
-ms-flex-pack: start;
justify-content: flex-start;

.g-lede .g-video video
display: block;
-ms-flex-positive: 1;
flex-grow: 1;
width: auto;
min-width: 100vw;
min-height: 100vh;
-o-object-fit: cover;
object-fit: cover;
margin: 0 1vh 0 0;
opacity: 0.8;

@media (max-width: 768px)
.g-lede .g-video video:nth-child(2)
display: none;

.g-lede .g-lede-title
bottom: 40px;
left: 8%;
top: auto;
position: absolute;
display: -ms-flexbox;
display: flex;
-ms-flex-direction: column;
flex-direction: column;
-ms-flex-align: center;
align-items: center;
-ms-flex-pack: center;
justify-content: center;
text-align: center;
font-size: 4vw;

@media (min-width: 1600px)
.g-lede .g-lede-title
font-size: 68px;

@media (max-width: 780px)
.g-lede .g-lede-title
font-size: 8vw;

@media (max-width: 420px)
.g-lede .g-lede-title
left: 7%;
bottom: 3vh;
margin-bottom: 0;
font-size: 12vw;

.g-lede .g-lede-title .g-logo
width: 3em;
height: 3em;

.g-lede .g-lede-title .g-logo svg
width: 100%;
height: auto;

.g-lede .g-lede-title .g-logo #tmag-logo
display: inline-block;

.g-lede .g-lede-title .g-logo #tmag-logo #tmaglogo-type
fill: #f1aaff;
animation: change-color 6s infinite;

.g-lede .g-lede-title .g-logo #tmag-logo #tmaglogo-iconlight
fill: #9edec7;

.g-lede .g-lede-title .g-logo #tmag-logo #tmaglogo-iconshadow
fill: #f1aaff;
animation: change-color 6s infinite;

.g-lede .g-lede-title .g-head h1
font-family: ‘kippenberger-poster-900’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-size: 1em;
line-height: 0.9;
margin: 0;
text-transform: uppercase;
color: #f1aaff;
animation: change-color 6s infinite;

.g-lede .g-lede-title .g-subhead
border-top: 1px solid #9edec7;
border-bottom: 1px solid #9edec7;
padding: 0.25em 0;
margin: 0.25em 0;
width: 100%;
font-size: 0.5em;

.g-lede .g-lede-title .g-subhead h2
font-family: ‘kippenberger-condensed-900’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-size: inherit;
line-height: 0.8;
letter-spacing: 1px;
text-transform: uppercase;
margin: 0;
color: #9edec7;

.g-lede .g-lede-title .g-arrow
display: block;
width: 20px;
height: 30px;
margin: 0 auto;
background-size: contain;
background-repeat: no-repeat;
background-image: url(“https://static01.nyt.com/newsgraphics/2019/05/10/t-conversation/2ebdf325c90a982a970e00fb91e789d9848fa8a4/arrow-scroll-mobile.svg”);
opacity: 0;
transform: translate3d(0, -100%, 0);

.g-lede.g-active .g-arrow
transition: transform 0.7s 1.4s cubic-bezier(0.25, 0.46, 0.45, 0.94), opacity 0.7s 1.2s;
transform: translate3d(0, 0, 0);
opacity: 1;

.rad-story-body
position: relative;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph
font-family: “imperial-normal-500”, georgia, “times new roman”, times, serif;
z-index: 100;
position: relative;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph a,
.rad-story-body p.paragraph a:hover
text-shadow: none;
border: none;
text-decoration: none;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph .dropcap
position: static;
font-size: 210px;
font-family: ‘kippenberger-condensed-900’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
line-height: 0.7;
float: left;
display: inline-block;
margin: 0.04em -0.1em -0.1em -0.01em;
color: #f1aaff;

@media (max-width: 500px)
.rad-story-body p.paragraph .dropcap
font-size: 140px;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph sup
display: inline-block;
line-height: 0;
text-decoration: none;
font-family: ‘kippenberger-700’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
color: #000000;
font-size: 15px;
border: none;
text-shadow: none;
background: transparent;
color: #e875ff;
cursor: pointer;
transition: 0.5s color;

.desktop .rad-story-body p.paragraph sup:hover
color: #000000;

@media (max-width: 1300px)
.desktop .rad-story-body p.paragraph sup:hover .d-footnote
display: block;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph .side-footnotes
position: absolute;
left: 720px;
top: 0;
bottom: 0;
display: -ms-flexbox;
display: flex;
-ms-flex-align: start;
align-items: flex-start;
-ms-flex-pack: center;
justify-content: center;
-ms-flex-direction: column;
flex-direction: column;

@media (max-width: 1300px)
.rad-story-body p.paragraph .side-footnotes
display: none;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph .side-footnotes .g-footnote
width: 210px;
transition: 1s color;
margin-bottom: 1em;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph .side-footnotes .g-footnote.active
color: #000000;
transition: 0.2s color;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph .g-footnote
font-size: 12px;
font-weight: 400;
letter-spacing: 0.05em;
font-family: ‘kippenberger-400’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
line-height: 1.5;
color: #e875ff;
margin: 0;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph .g-footnote a
color: inherit;
background: transparent;
text-decoration: underline;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph .g-footnote a:hover
color: black;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph sup .d-footnote
position: absolute;
padding-bottom: 20px;
transform: translateY(-100%);
z-index: 10000000;
left: 40px;
right: 40px;
width: auto;
display: none;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph sup .d-footnote .g-footnote-box
background: white;
padding: 20px;
box-shadow: 0 0 10px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.25);

@media (max-width: 500px)
.rad-story-body p.paragraph sup .d-footnote .g-footnote-box
padding: 16.66666667px;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph sup .d-footnote .g-footnote-box .close-btn
font-size: 20px;
color: #333;
padding: 14px 8px;
top: 0;
right: 0;
position: absolute;
display: none;

.mobile .rad-story-body p.paragraph sup .d-footnote .g-footnote-box .close-btn
display: block;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph sup.active .d-footnote
display: block;

.rad-story-body p.paragraph strong
display: inline-block;
font-weight: 500;
font-family: ‘kippenberger-500’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-size: 0.85em;
line-height: 1.5;
letter-spacing: 0.05em;
margin-right: 0.15em;

.media.photo .image
position: relative;

.media.photo .image video
z-index: 1000;
position: absolute;
top: 0;
left: 0;
max-width: 100%;

.media.photo.jumbo
padding: 0;
position: relative;
margin: 60px auto;
max-width: 630px;

@media (max-width: 1155px)
.media.photo.jumbo
max-width: 600px;

@media (max-width: 768px)
.media.photo.jumbo
margin: 40px auto 20px;

@media (max-width: 600px)
.media.photo.jumbo
max-width: 560px;

.media.photo.jumbo .rad-caption
max-width: 15.5em;
text-align: center;
position: absolute;
bottom: 5.16666667em;
left: -7.75em;
z-index: 100;

.media.photo.jumbo .rad-caption .rad-caption-wrapper
padding: 0;

@media (max-width: 599px)
.media.photo.jumbo .rad-caption .rad-caption-wrapper
padding: 0 20px;

@media (max-width: 768px)
.media.photo.jumbo .rad-caption
left: 0;
bottom: -40px;
position: relative;
max-width: 600px;
text-align: center;
margin: auto;

.media.photo .rad-caption .rad-caption-text
font-family: ‘kippenberger-400’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-weight: 400;
font-size: 14px;
line-height: 1.3;
color: #000000;
text-shadow: 0 0 15px rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.8);

.media.photo .rad-caption .rad-caption-text a
color: inherit;

.media.photo .rad-caption .rad-caption-text strong
font-family: ‘kippenberger-700’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-weight: 700;

.media.photo .rad-caption .rad-credit
display: block;
color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.7);
font-family: ‘kippenberger-400’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-size: 11px;
line-height: 1.5;
margin: auto;
max-width: 16em;

@media (max-width: 768px)
.media.photo .rad-caption .rad-credit
display: inline;
max-width: 100%;
color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4);
font-size: 14px;

.media-viewer .media-viewer-asset .caption .caption-text
font-family: ‘kippenberger-400’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-size: 12px;
color: black;

.media-viewer .media-viewer-asset .caption .caption-text strong
font-family: ‘kippenberger-500’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;

.media-viewer .media-viewer-asset .caption .credit
font-family: ‘kippenberger-400’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;

.rad-footnotes
max-width: 630px;
margin: auto;

.rad-article
margin-bottom: 60px;

.interactive-credit p,
.rad-article-credits p,
.rad-footnotes p
font-family: ‘kippenberger-400’, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
font-size: 14px;
line-height: 1.5;
color: #000000;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.interactive-credit p,
.rad-article-credits p,
.rad-footnotes p
font-size: 16px;

.rad-article-credits p.interactive-credit
font-size: 12px;
margin-left: 0;
margin-right: 0;

.rad-article-credits::before
margin-top: 2em;
margin-bottom: 5px;
display: block;
content: ”;
width: 100%;
height: 3px;
background-color: #000000;

/* ads */
.rad-ad-wrapper
margin: 40px auto;

@media screen and (min-width: 960px)
.rad-ad-wrapper:last-child
max-width: 100%;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-ad-wrapper:last-child
max-width: 100%;

@media screen and (min-width: 960px)
.rad-ad-wrapper:last-child
max-width: 100%;

@media screen and (min-width: 720px)
.rad-ad-wrapper:last-child
max-width: 100%;

/*Footnotes Corrections*/
#footnote-3
margin-top: -25em;

#footnote-23
margin-top: -8em;

#footnote-11,
#footnote-13,
#footnote-18,
#footnote-20,
#footnote-22,
#footnote-24,
#footnote-32,
#footnote-33,
#footnote-34
margin-top: 8em;

#footnote-28,
#footnote-30,
#footnote-4
margin-top: 12em;

#footnote-14,
#footnote-24,
#footnote-25,
#footnote-32,
#footnote-34,
#footnote-35
max-width: 180px;

Spring 2019

In
Conversation:
Rihanna

FOR THREE YEARS, I have been a diligent student of Rihanna’s 2016 song “Work.” The first lesson it taught me was in the fine art of ubiquity: The omnipresent earworm hovered over casual intimacies, significant encounters, mundane journeys and made sense of itself wherever, in whatever crevices it chose. Then “Work” found its way into my own work. In my script for “Slave Play,” which debuted at New York Theater Workshop in 2018, the protagonist Kaneisha suffers from obsessive-compulsive disorder and Rihanna’s “Work” plays in her head on repeat, taking on a frighteningly oppressive quality and revealing the historic bedrock I was attempting to excavate: namely, that black people, specifically women, must live with the knowledge that their emotional and physical labor is the backbone of every relationship that they endeavor to have with their partners, with America. The song, which weaves through the dialogue, brought more attention to the play than any other device could have.

This sense of casual immensity is what drew me to Robyn Rihanna Fenty, 31, as not only a performer but as an artist and a businessperson: a model for my own maturation. When listening to her repetitive, patois-filled songwork, work, work, work, work, work — one hears a Barbados-born1 musician who recognizes that the histories that are carried in her movement and her tongue are foreign to the listener. But instead of shying from that otherness, she dines upon it, a lesson for any of us who have held onto the shame of difference. As she prepares to launch Fenty, the fashion line she has created in partnership with LVMH2 — the first luxury fashion house the conglomerate has created from scratch (which will begin sales at a pop-up in Paris on May 24, then be fully available at fenty.com on May 29) — I wanted to discover what lessons she had to offer as she carried that confident otherness deeper into the nonmusical work she has been concentrating on this decade.

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Corset dress in Japanese denim, $810. Sunglasses, $480. Leather shoes, $625. All clothing and accessories are by Fenty, fenty.com. Jewelry, unless noted, is Rihanna’s own.
Photo by Kristin-Lee Moolman. Styled by Suzanne Koller

In April, we agreed to meet among barrels of chocolate at Dark Sugars Cocoa House,3 in the Shoreditch neighborhood of London. I thought about the unenviable position that Rihanna has come to occupy throughout her 14-year career, since she first moved to Stamford, Conn., and released her first tracks in 2005. To be black, a woman and an immigrant in the United States is to be a collection of negations of the American dream — yet she stepped past those negations and into a fantasy of abundance few could imagine. In the last five years, we have witnessed her release her most critically acclaimed album,4 become creative director of women’s collections for the German sportswear brand Puma,5 develop a line of size- and gender-inclusive lingerie under the Savage x Fenty label and debut her Fenty Beauty line,6 which literally changed the face of the cosmetics world by introducing a foundation palette with 40 shades, from the palest to the darkest skin tones. Now, Rihanna has become the first black woman to run a major luxury fashion house. Featuring structured silhouettes in subdued neutrals (at least to start) that emphasize strong shoulders, cinched waists and exposed legs, the Fenty brand is hoping to disrupt the market not only by channeling the imagination of a black woman but by revolutionizing the luxury distribution model by focusing on direct-to-consumer online sales. This allows Rihanna and her team of collaborators the freedom to drop new additions to the collection — which includes sunglasses, shoes and other accessories — every few weeks, like singles from an album. LVMH and the artist decided last year to expand their current relationship beyond cosmetics into a full-fledged fashion company, and Rihanna has already imbued the collection with her high-low aesthetic, incorporating intricate leatherwork and meticulous techniques like boning, then queering the looks by playing with gender tropes.

Rihanna is uniquely positioned to forge a path for black owners in luxury fashion: Not only is she a muse of that realm herself but she has studied the maps she’s inherited from her forebears. From a red-carpet style indebted to the silhouettes of Zelda Wynn Valdes7 as well as the lush fabrics of Sean Combs’s Sean John line8 and the steely assurance of Jay-Z’s Rocawear9 collection, we have seen black fashion’s past adorning Rihanna as she steps into black fashion’s future. Indeed, the mission of the Fenty clothing line, according to Jahleel Weaver, a stylist for Rihanna who is now the label’s style director, “is to really speak to how multifaceted today’s woman is. We’re thinking about each release as a different facet to a woman’s wardrobe and how she approaches dressing. Luxury has been defined in the past as one woman, one brand: You know who the Saint Laurent woman is, you understood who the Céline woman was when it was Phoebe.10 Which is fine, but you think about how that relates to the modern woman. I don’t think she is just one thing, Rih being the perfect example of that.”

AS THE DOORBELL chimed, a brilliantly heeled foot — wearing one of the aggressively pointed leather Fenty sandals I’d previewed the day before — stepped through a hidden side door. I was instantly hit with the emotional heft that a student feels in the presence of a favorite teacher — if only all teachers wore pinstriped Balenciaga suits. She smelled like cinnamon, bubble gum and the sea, her scent dominating the overpowering chocolate around us. For the next two and a half hours, I studied her every glance and gesture for a hint of the weight her work must put upon her. The weight of expectation, the weight of anticipation, the weight of youth, the weight of doubt — though only in a single moment, when we spoke of fear, did this weight announce itself. Yet the lesson I took back home to New Haven with me is that there can be pleasure in the privilege of working despite society’s negations. The pleasure and ubiquity of Rihanna’s work endures because the only thing that will stop her from doing it — is her.

‘I can’t just think I know everything. I’m very smart with my control freak. I welcome other people’s expertise.’

Suit jacket in cotton canvas, $1,100. Corset blazer dress in cotton canvas $1,100. Sunglasses, $460. Brass ear cuff with Swarovski crystals, $420. Embossed calfskin shoes, $670.
Photo by Kristin-Lee Moolman. Styled by Suzanne Koller

JH: What are some of the things you’ve come to appreciate since you’ve moved to London?11

RF: Walking around the block.

JH: Wait, you can walk around the block? Because here, they had to shut everything down.

RF: No! This is not a regular day in London. It’s a bank holiday. Everyone’s out. It’s insane.

JH: Do people recognize you?

RF: When I go walking, I try to keep it a little incognito.

JH: Well, you are Rihanna. Which brings me to my first question: What draws you to collaborate with a company like LVMH? I feel like you’re as big as LVMH, if not bigger.

RF: Whoa. That’s kind of crazy to say.

JH: It’s true, though. Numbers don’t lie.12

RF: I’ve been slowly evolving throughout the fashion world. First wearing it, buying it, being recognized for my style and then collaborating with brands. I never just wanted to put my name on something and sell my license. I’m very hands-on, so I wanted to take it slowly and gain respect as a designer. I already had a relationship with them after the Versailles campaign13 and the makeup line, so they extended the offer to me and it was a no-brainer because LVMH is a machine. Bernard Arnault14 was so enthusiastic; he trusted me and my vision.

JH: When they came to you with this, was part of your calculus, like, “I’m gonna be the first black woman to do this?”

RF: No, and I didn’t even know that until months into our relationship, when Jahleel15 brought it to my attention. And I’m like, “Are you sure about that? Did you do your research? ’Cause I don’t wanna state a claim that’s [expletive].” Because I still couldn’t believe it. It made me feel proud.

JH: It’s unmapped territory. What models did you have — or were you purely going from one task to the next?

RF: I didn’t have these dreams when I was little. I had a dream of making music; that’s it. I didn’t even think about the fame part, and then that happened, and it’s like, “Do I really like this? How much do I really love music that I’m dealing with this?” Then the one-hit-wonder comment16 came straight out of the gate and that put a fire under my ass, and I just never stopped working. Every time it was about challenging myself: I have to do better, I have to do better. And what’s next, what’s next? I won a Grammy17 and that was seconds into my past as soon as it got into my hands. I have to think about the next thing, which is terrible because people should live in the moment. I just started branching out into different creative outlets. That’s what makes me happy.

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Oversize jacket in Japanese denim, $1,100. Sunglasses, $480. Brass ear cuff with Swarovski crystals, $420.
Photo by Kristin-Lee Moolman. Styled by Suzanne Koller

JH: Something that one of my mentors, the playwright Branden Jacobs-Jenkins,18 said to me is, “Never let anyone rob you of your right to fail.”

RF: You know what’s crazy, I have a tattoo that’s written backward so I can read it in the mirror: “Never a failure. Always a lesson.” So what you just said is, like, boom! How you gonna learn without making mistakes? Did you believe your mom when she said, “Don’t touch the iron”?

JH: No! None of us did.

RF: You had to touch it, right? You had to get burned.

JH: What lessons do you think you could learn from failing with this Fenty project?

RF: So many, because it’s the beginning of a new world. Everything was a collaboration, so I’ve plugged my DNA into theirs, but there was already a blueprint. I’m learning so much: about the tailoring, the fabric — I’m seeing fabrics that I’ve never seen in my life.

JH: What are some of those fabrics?

RF: One of them is called Weapon.19 That’s what we ended up making our suits in. Even making clothes in luxury is different. All the techniques are, like, ridiculous.

JH: I mean, all of the boning on your dresses is —

RF: I love a corset. We put a corset in a suit, a dress, a shirt, a denim jacket and a T-shirt dress.

JH: It’s so femme. But you’re using traditionally masculine shapes (the suit, the chore coat) to tell a complex narrative about the Fenty person. What is the Fenty person’s relationship to masculinity and femininity?

RF: I use myself as the muse. It’s sweatpants with pearls, or a masculine denim jacket with a corset. I feel like we live in a world where people are embracing every bit of who they are. Look at Jaden Smith,20 Childish Gambino.21 They dare you to tell them not to.

JH: To me, part of being Rihanna is twerking on a yacht and walking out of a bar with a wine glass. You’re like a modern Dionysus, a goddess of the party, the turn-up. Does that feel true to you now as Fenty’s muse?

RF: There has been quite an evolution in that party. In the beginning, it was just my culture, my life. And now, the party, believe it or not, is at work. I do not go out. I will go to a dinner. I try to have as much fun as I can during work. And even after work, when I’m literally in my kitchen having a drink, I invite all my staff. And we work, still.

JH: Do you think that that ability to party with your staff comes from the fact your associates and staff, known as #TheCorp,22 are like family?

RF: I see them more than my family and spend most of my life with them. It becomes friendship first, and then it leads into family because we lean on each other. I’m sure it’s really different from any other boss-employee relationship.

JH: Using your family name as the anchor of this company and Fenty Beauty seems to recall the idea of a family business. What was behind that choice?

RF: I used to be afraid to step into the whole celebrity makeup world. I saw brands like Hilary Duff and Hannah Montana23 have so much success [in the aughts], but it got to a place where they were so oversaturated in the market that it diluted their personal brands. It made me think, “I’m not going to do this, because you lose your respect and credibility,” and so every collaboration I did outside of music, I used Fenty so that you didn’t have to hear the word “Rihanna” every time you saw something that I did. So Rihanna stayed the music, the person. But these other brands are called Fenty.

‘You’re going to be black wherever you go. And I don’t know if it’s unfortunate or fortunate, because I love being black.’

Suit jacket in cotton canvas with fanny pack, $1,100. Pleated suit trousers in cotton canvas, $485. Leather shoes, $625.
Photo by Kristin-Lee Moolman. Styled by Suzanne Koller

JH: Do you know where your last name comes from? I looked it up.

RF: Really? You’re about to teach me something about myself. Is it Irish?

JH: No, it’s Spanish and Portuguese. It derives from the word “infante,” a title for the children of royals.

RF: Get out of here!

JH: It’s a medieval name.

RF: That is tripping me out.

JH: Does it trip you out that Fenty gets to open so many doors? How are you looking to make room at that table of luxury design for other black, brown and female designers?

RF: I like to think of my establishment at the Fenty house as a hub. So I am always looking at grad collections, who’s about to leave college, who wants a year here. And we’ve done that with a couple young designers and a couple new ones that are coming in. Even if you’ve never designed something in your life, you might have impeccable taste: I’m welcoming everyone’s vision here, because that’s what it’s gonna take. I can’t just think I know everything. I’m very smart with my control freak — a smart control freak. I welcome other people’s expertise. I love new, young talent.

JH: Who was really generous with their knowledge with you?

RF: Jay Brown, my manager who started off as my A&R.24 He’s been a father figure in my life.25

JH: Jahleel said that when you hired him you gave him “his freedom papers.” He’s free to walk through the LVMH headquarters in Paris and be who he wants to be. Where does that freedom come from? From being affiliated with you?

RF: No, because even within being Rihanna, that freedom didn’t exist for a while. “Good Girl Gone Bad26 is where I started to take the reins: “I’m going to do whatever I want to do, I’m taking control of my vision, my sound, my clothes.” I also embraced change along the way — things that make me a better woman, a better human being. Like, even the way I communicate: I’m really proud of my growth on that. I’m proud to walk into any building as this person. Nothing about me makes me embarrassed about me.

JH: You did an interview in 2012 where you said you used to change your voice in business meetings. Was that one of the pressures you felt in that era, to be a certain type of Bajan woman in American society?

RF: No, that was the pressure I felt from the jump, with “Music of the Sun.”27 I’m walking into a new world, new industry, with people who have been doing this forever. I’m literally from a rock in the ocean.

JH: You were 15!28

RF: Right. You know nothing then. So you just take these people’s advice, and you realize, This is not who I am. It was the pressure of feeling safe in a box. I never liked that feeling, and so I grew out of that box when I couldn’t take it anymore, and I just went for it.

JH: Is “Good Girl Gone Bad” your favorite album?

RF: No, because that was a transition. I don’t know what my favorite album is — I’m sure if I put all my favorite songs together, it would be a really sick album. Maybe I should do that one day.

JH: You should troll your fans by doing that. Be like, “New album, y’all!”

RF: They would hate me. They would take me down.

JH: I’m not in the Navy,29 but I am Navy adjacent. So I have to ask some questions I saw floating around the message boards.

RF: O.K. [Laughs.]

JH: Is it true you are doing a reggae album?

RF: Yeah.

JH: You are? O.K., are you collaborating with Lady Gaga?

RF: No.

JH: Oh, they think you’re doing a collaboration with Lady Gaga.

RF: Maybe because she followed me on Instagram. It’s not in the books right now, but I’m not against it.

JH: Are you going to collaborate with Drake again?30

RF: Not anytime soon, I don’t see it happening. Not on this album, that’s for sure.

JH: What is the album called?

RF: Uh, I don’t know yet.

JH: If you don’t know yet, then you probably don’t know when it’s coming out?

RF: I don’t.

JH: Do you have any names under consideration?

RF: No, so far it’s just been R9,31 thanks to the Navy. I’m about to call it that probably, ’cause they have haunted me with this “R9, R9, when is R9 coming out?” How will I accept another name after that’s been burned into my skull?

JH: It’s this gift to the fans who have been most hungry for it.

RF: That would be cute.

Rihanna models her new Fenty line on T’s digital cover.

JH: You are one of our only immigrant pop stars in America, 21 Savage32 being another. Did coming from an island that’s 90 percent black make it feel natural to have 40 distinct shades in the first run of Fenty Beauty?

RF: In my own household, my father is half black, half white. My mom is black from South America. I was seeing diversity. That’s all I knew. Growing up, I wanted to be darker, always. So, making makeup, it wasn’t even a thing I had to think about. I didn’t even really know how bad it was, the void in the market for dark foundation, because all I’d seen was black women put makeup on. I don’t even think 40 shades is enough! And so I added 10 more recently, and we’re not gonna stop there.

JH: A few years ago, you started going on a “thicc” journey.33 How did that change how you looked at inclusivity with regard to your fashion line?

RF: It just changed how I dress in terms of my proportions. You wear what looks good on you and that’s it. I’m thick and curvy right now, and so if I can’t wear my own stuff then, I mean, that’s not gonna work, right? And my size is not the biggest size. It’s actually closer to the smallest size we have: We go up to a [French size] 46.34 We’re saying we can meet you at any one drop that we put out.

JH: Let’s talk about those monthly drops, which is one of the innovative aspects of this: Fenty will be releasing several new items — from basics to special pieces — exclusively on its website. How did you come up with the distribution model?

RF: Because I’m a millennial, you know? People are always looking for the thing that hasn’t made it online yet. And as a consumer, I hate seeing something on the runway and then having to wait six months for it. I had to wait all that time to get it, do I even…

JH: Love it anymore?

RF: Yeah! So with this, you see it, you love it, you can have it. I want to be as disruptive as possible. The brand is not traditional. There is no runway show. It’s a new way of doing things because I believe that this is where fashion is going to go eventually.

JH: Was there any white knuckling in the LVMH offices when you presented this distribution model? Tradition is a major pillar of that company.

RF: Believe it or not, it’s the thing that actually excited Mr. Arnault. He hasn’t started a brand from scratch for a while. It’s his baby as well. He is so hands-on, which validates how I handle things.

JH: Jahleel said Fenty is being released like a bunch of singles that add up to an album.

RF: That’s a cute analogy.

JH: What do you think is the vibe of the first single?

RF: The first single is really strong and edgy, compared to the drop right after, which is a little more feminine. But the first one, there are a lot of classic pieces as well.

JH: I think you have your Fenty little black dress in there, with the vents and high shoulder.

RF: I see a lot of these pieces as classic pieces. They’re not gonna go out of style.

JH: What are you inspired by as you prepare for the next few drops?

RF: Free postcards or booklets at hotels in Barbados from years ago: You’ll see some of those on our T-shirts. There are also these prints that look like really ancient paintings that we’re making dresses and skirt suits out of.

JH: With all of these pieces, who else do you think is in conversation with them? What should shoppers pair with Fenty?

RF: I don’t care what you pair it with. Whatever you want. You know, when I was younger, I couldn’t afford everything, but a pair of Timberlands: That was my Dior. And I had to save my money for a whole school year to get those Timberlands that I wanted, and I did it. Shoot, if your closet is full of Dior, go for it, put Fenty on with that. But you might have some Balenciaga sneakers and a Fashion Nova fit that my jacket is super lit with.

JH: So that little girl that’s saving up pennies for Timberlands, what do you say to her right now?

RF: It’s the thing that keeps me asking: So how much is this gonna cost at retail?35 How can we bring the price down without compromising on quality?

Striped puffed-sleeve shirt in cotton, $600. Striped corset dress in cotton, $990. Brass hoop earrings with Swarovski crystals, $420. Brass ear cuff with Swarovski crystals, $420. Embossed calfskin shoes, $670.
Photo by Kristin-Lee Moolman. Styled by Suzanne Koller

JH: I can’t get over the fact that, you know, the fashion industry is historically so explicitly white, it’s so racist, it’s so classist and it’s so sexist. Have there been moments where, as a black woman, you’ve felt like an outsider in this space? Or does being Rihanna alleviate that?

RF: It’s never alleviated, you know? You’re going to be black wherever you go. And I don’t know if it’s unfortunate or fortunate, because I love being black. So, sorry for those who don’t like it — that’s the first thing you see before you even hear my voice. There are also other factors: I’m young. I’m new to the family. I’m a woman. Those factors do come into play, but I will not apologize for them, and I will not back down from being a woman, from being black, from having an opinion. I’m running a company and that’s exactly what I came here to do. I don’t know if it makes people uncomfortable or not, but that’s not even my business, you know? I do know that the reason I’m here is not because I’m black. It’s because of what I have to offer. That’s what they’re invested in. And the fact that I’m black is just that: a fact.

JH: I feel like your ability to take on that fight seems so indebted to your mother, Ms. Monica,36 because you often discuss how she is most proud of you when you stand up for yourself. I wonder, does anything surprise her now?

RF: When I told her about LVMH, she just couldn’t believe it. She said, “Oh God, glory, glory to God.” She’s so proud, so happy, and she’s still pinching herself. She carries my makeup in her store37 in Barbados. It’s full circle, because she was the one who brought me into the department store after school — all that makeup, it was fun.

JH: I was at my mom’s feet in a hair salon. I know she’d want to know: Do you have Fenty hair coming?

RF: As soon as I’m ready to give up the two hours of sleep that I get now, that’s for hair. You know we’re not stopping.

JH: As a playwright, I have to ask: Would you act again? Pull “A Star Is Born?”

RF: I’ll probably try a little more,38 but not until I know I can handle a lead and carry a movie on my own, because I’ve been offered —

JH: I’m sure.

RF: I’m always like, “Guys, thank you for trusting me, but Angelina Jolie is over there.”

JH: What else are you afraid of? Do you hold fear at all?

RF: I am afraid of being afraid, because I know that means it’s wrong. If I feel fear, that means it’s not right.

JH: Did you feel fear when it came to working with LVMH and Arnault?

RF: No, I got this pressure to not let Arnault down. I felt like this is a moment in history that I have to live up to. This is my one shot and I only get one time to do it and it can’t be wrong. But I did get fear one time in my life, I can’t remember exactly about what: I remember my mom saying, like, “I see something in your eyes I’ve never seen before.” And I was like, “What?” And she was like, “Fear.” And I started crying. So any time I get that anxiety feeling, I literally try to shove it right back down to nothing.

JH: You visualize it. Before I go, one last question: When are you going to take a vacation from all of this? Is it going to be when you’ve made enough money — is there a number in your mind?

RF: I never thought I’d make this much money, so a number is not going to stop me from working. I’m not being driven by money right now. Money is happening along the way, but I’m working out of what I love to do, what I’m passionate about. Work will change when my life changes in the future but an amount of money is not going to stop that.

JH: If money’s not driving the work, what does the money mean, then?

RF: The money means that I can take care of my family. The money means that I can facilitate the businesses that I want to. I can create jobs for other people. My money is not for me; it’s always the thought that I can help someone else or, in the future, for if I have kids. The world can really make you believe that the wrong things are priority, and it makes you really miss the core of life, what it means to be alive. It could literally be walking outside in the sun. That makes me happy. Like going to the grocery store — you know, there’s a cute little Jamaican market near where I live right now.

This interview has been edited and condensed.

Jeremy O. Harris is an actor and playwright whose works include “Slave Play” and “Daddy.”

1. Robyn Rihanna Fenty was born on February 20, 1988, in St. Michael, Barbados.

2. LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton is the French luxury goods conglomerate that owns and operates the fashion lines Dior, Celine and Loewe, among others. Rihanna’s new label will be the first that LVMH chairman and C.E.O. Bernard Arnault has launched since his company Financière Agache partnered with the couturier Christian LaCroix 32 years ago.

3. A chocolatier owned and operated by Fatou Mendy. Rihanna and I both enjoyed the black vanilla ice cream.

4. 2016’s moody and atmospheric “Anti” was met with close to unanimous praise. In a review for “Rolling Stone,” Brittany Spanos wrote, “This is an album that forces us to question the boxes we’ve placed Rihanna in all along.”

5. She was the first female designer to win Footwear News’ Shoe of the Year award in 2016 for her Fenty Puma Creeper.

6. Rihanna partnered with Kendo Holdings, a subsidiary of LVMH, to launch her makeup line in 2017.

7. A mid-20th-century black fashion designer known for helping to create the Playboy Bunny costume.

8. Founded by Sean Combs in 1998, the sportswear line changed the perception of urban wear for many titans in the fashion industry.

9. Founded by Jay-Z and Damon Dash in 1999, Rocawear offers elevated streetwear that makes ample use of fur, leather and denim.

10. Phoebe Philo was the creative director of Céline from 2008 to 2018.

11. Rihanna moved to London earlier this year, where she is closer to the team working on Fenty, which is designed in Paris and manufactured in Italy.

12. According to the Recording Industry Association of America, Rihanna has sold a total of 125 million certified digital singles in the U.S., second only to Drake. In Fenty Beauty’s first year of business, which concluded in September 2018, the brand surpassed $500 million in revenues.

13. A Dior advertising campaign that introduced Rihanna as the brand’s new muse in 2015 and featured her walking through the former palace of Louis XIV at night.

14. The chairman of LVMH since 1989.

15. Jahleel Weaver, 33, began working with Rihanna in 2011, as an assistant to her stylist, Mel Ottenberg. Rihanna approached him about joining her team to work on the Puma line in 2014, and he was later named style director for what is now Fenty.

16. After she released her first single, “Pon de Replay,” in May 2005, many music critics were dismissive. For “Rolling Stone,” Barry Walters wrote, “At fifty-two minutes, Rihanna’s debut overstays its welcome, but the single justifies plenty of replays.”

17. She won her first Grammy award in 2008 for best rap/sung collaboration for the song “Umbrella” with Jay-Z. She has since won eight more and has been nominated 32 more times.

18. Branden Jacobs-Jenkins, 34, is the author of the plays “An Octoroon” (2014), “Gloria” (2015) and “Everybody” (2017), the latter two of which were finalists for the Pulitzer Prize for Drama.

19. A cotton canvas fabric. Other textiles in the collection include denim and leather.

20. The 20-year-old son of actors Will Smith and Jada Pinkett Smith is known for flamboyant looks comprising skirts, chunky gold jewelry and mismatched patterns.

21. Childish Gambino is the often shirtless musical alter ego of the actor Donald Glover, which he introduced in 2008 with his “Sick Boi” mixtape. In 2019, Rihanna starred opposite Glover in his Childish Gambino musical film, “Guava Island.”

22. Along with Weaver, #TheCorp includes Melissa Forde, Jennifer Rosales, Jay Brown, Kristina Fields and a rotating cast of others.

23. Hannah Montana was the musician Miley Cyrus’s alter ego on a Disney Channel series of the same name, which ran for four seasons from 2006 to 2011 and spawned a concert film and a musical film adaptation.

24. Short for Artists and Repertoire, a music executive who develops rising stars.

25. Jay Brown, C.E.O. of Roc Nation since 2008, also manages the careers of Mariah Carey and Shakira. He and Jay-Z signed Rihanna in 2005, when she was 16.

26. “Good Girl Gone Bad,” Rihanna’s third studio album, was released in 2007 and included “Umbrella.” The LP sold more than 9 million copies worldwide and solidified her stardom.

27. Released in August 2005, “Music of the Sun” was Rihanna’s debut album and featured her introductory single, “Pon de Replay,” which peaked at No. 2 on the Billboard Hot 100.

28. Rihanna was discovered in December 2003 by the American producer Evan Rogers while he was vacationing in Barbados. Rihanna auditioned for Rogers, and he soon invited her to live with him and his family in Connecticut while kicking off her career.

29. The name of Rihanna’s fan base, the Navy, has disputed origins, but many believe it began after she appeared in Peter Berg’s film “Battleship” in 2012. What is clear is the fans’ militaristic fervor in promoting and discussing all things Rihanna.

30. Rihanna’s close relationship with Drake is reportedly linked to a past romance between them that she has never confirmed. It has resulted in some of the best songs in both of their repertoires, from 2010’s “What’s My Name?” to 2011’s “Take Care” to the aforementioned “Work.”

31. Her forthcoming album will, yes, be her ninth.

32. In February, the British rapper 21 Savage’s arrest by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) while living in Atlanta on charges of overstaying his visa activated a community of hip-hop fans around immigration issues in the United States.

33. In 2018, Rihanna began engaging with fans and press about her changing body. In an August 2018 interview in British Vogue, she said, in regard to women increasingly identifying with her, “I don’t know, maybe it’s because I’m ‘thicc’ now.”

34. The equivalent of an American size 14.

35. Prices will range from $200 to $1,500 in the first drop: A T-shirt will cost about $200; outerwear will range from $1,100 to $1,500. Accessories will also be available, including shoes from $600 to $700 and jewelry from $350 to $600.

36. Monica Fenty, née Braithwaite. Rihanna’s mother has of late become a star in her own right on social media.

37. Monica Fenty owns Fab-u-Lus, a clothing and accessories boutique in Bridgetown, Barbados, which now has two locations.

38. While 2012’s “Battleship” was not Rihanna’s film debut — that would be 2006’s “Bring It On: All or Nothing,” starring Solange Knowles — it was the first time she didn’t play herself in a film.

Makeup: Lauren Parsons at Art Partner. Hair: Yusef at Factory Downtown using Rich Hair Care. Manicure: Jenny Longworth at CLM using the GelBottle Inc. Set designer: Andrew Tomlinson at Streeters. Tailoring: Hannah Wood. Photo assistants: Maya Zardi, Teddy Park and Straton Heron. Digital operator: Nicholas Beutler at Format Digital. Stylist’s assistants: Charlotte Thommeret and Letitia Leporcq. Makeup assistant: Anastasia Hess. Hair assistant: Andrea Naphia White. Set designer’s assistant: David Konix. Production: Holmes Production.

Digital production and design by Hilary Moss and Daniel Wagner. Videos by Kristin-Lee Moolman.

Correction: May 20, 2019

An earlier version of this article misstated the surname of a member of Rihanna’s associates and staff, known as #TheCorp. She is Jennifer Rosales, not Jennifer Morales.

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